The Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is one that allows the protection of the firefighter to carry the fire and rescue operations. The EPP naturally does not prevent accidents,
but it is the primary means by which we reduce and protect ourselves from accidents during our work at the fire scene.
TYPES OF PPE
- Firefighting equipment.
- Forest firefighting equipment.
- Equipment for handling hazardous materials.
- Suit aluminized material.
- Respiratory protective equipment.
- Seat belt or harness.
- Strings moorings.
The NFPA 1971 establishes protective clothing for structural firefighting, designed to provide protection to firefighters during structural fire and other performances.
All components must be properly labeled product and it must always be attached to a visible product.
These labels must contain:
Manufacturer’s name, address, no. Of identification, manufacturing date, name and size of equipment, materials manufacturing, cleaning precautions.
The firefighter must meet the design and purpose of the different types of protective clothing and be aware of the inherent limitations of each garment.
The entire team, once set, weighs approximately 50 lbs. This varies from the amount of air having the cylinder until the amount of water absorbed individual protection equipment on contact with water.
In General, they are made of waterproof, waterproof materials but nevertheless water always gets achieves wet weight and accumulate inside them.
The teams are made of the following materials or combinations thereof such as:
- Organic fibers (wool, cotton)
- Synthetic fibers (Kevlar, Nomex, PBI, Kynol, Gore-Tex, Teflon Orlono)
Protects the head from injury by impact or puncture as well as boiling water.
- They are made of: metal (aluminum), plastic / fiberglass (it is lighter) or (lighter) Kevlar.
- They are molded to the contours of the head with protection for her (internal gut). Some are self-luminescent (see in total darkness).
- Have visors for secondary protection against splashes and debris in the face and the eyes, nose and mouth if the team mask fresh air is not required.
Visor protects from splashes, radiation and fire. It is made of transparent mica, does not withstand the fire, but hold hot water and radiation to some extent.
Used to fasten / hold the helmet in place a firm and comfortable way.
Neck protector / neck: Protect the neck / nape of fire, hot water or radiation
One of the most common injuries in fires is affecting the eyes. Do not plant are reported eye injuries, because they are not always debilitating.
Eye injuries can be serious, but they are fairly easy to prevent.
The protection consists of safety glasses, protective eye goggles, helmets and visors masks breathing apparatus.
You should always be protective glasses or which protect 85% of the risks.
- Safety glasses should say standard ANSI Z87.1
COAT OR JACKET
The layers or protective firefighter coats are used in structural fires and other activities of the fire department.
They also protect the firefighter from direct contact with flames, hot water and vapor, cold temperatures and other environmental hazard.
Jackets or protective layers are made of three components: outer shell, moisture barrier and thermal barrier.
The neck of the layer should be up to protect the neck and throat firefighter.
Wristbands prevent water, coals or other debris from entering the sleeves firefighter.
The closure system at the front of the protective jackets prevents water or fire products entering the holes left between the snaps and clips.